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Origen de la alunita y la natroalunita del depósito de caolín de Mina Equivocada (Prov. de Río Negro, Argentina)

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Resumen

The origin of alunite and natroalunite from a kaolin deposit (Equivocada Mine, Rio Negro Province) has been studied. Chemical analysis showed that alunite is K0.89 and natroalunite Na0.97, in agreement with X ray diffraction data. The high contents of minor elements in alunite, especially Ba and Sr are compatible with a hydrothermal origin in contrast to natroalunite whose very low values suggest a secondary origin. Alunite has a δ34S = +15.9‰ and a δ18O = +12.9‰, while in natroalunite these values are -5.8‰ and +19.0‰ respectively. δ34S values suggest that alunite formed from a hypogenic process of hydrothermal origin whereas natroalunite is probably related to a supergen origin. The occurrence of alunite in veins crosscutting the other minerals, indicates that it was the last mineral to crystallize.

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