Multisubstrate Monod Kinetic Model for Simultaneous Degradation of Chlorophenol Mixtures
Chlorophenols (CPs) are persistent and highly toxic compounds rated as priority pollutants by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Frequently, these compounds are present as mixtures of CPs in industrial wastewaters. Therefore the study of biodegradation on mixed pollutants is an important aspect of biodegradation and wastewater treatment. In this work, we studied the multisubstrate degradation of CPs by a mixed culture of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and a novel Acromobacter sp. capable of using pentachlorophenol (PCP), 2,4,6 trichlorophenol (2,4,6 TCP) and 2,3,5,6 tetrachlorophenol (2,3,5,6 TeCP) as the sole sources of carbon and energy. The main objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of substrate mixtures on the degradation kinetics of PCP. Batch experiments were conducted with each CP separately and in mixtures of PCP + 2,4,6 TCP, PCP + 2,3,5,6 TeCP, and PCP + 2,4,6 TCP + 2,3,5,6 TeCP. Based upon our results we have concluded that the simultaneous degradation of CPs is a key factor contributing to the improvement of PCP degradation. The kinetic parameters for PCP and 2,4,6 TCP were obtained by fitting the data to a Monod kinetics model. Using such parameters, the model was able to predict simultaneous multisubstrate degradation of PCP with others CPs.