Artículo
Acceso Abierto

Influence of the nano-micro structure of the surface on bacterial adhesion

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Resumen

Biomaterials failures are frequently associated to the formation of bacterial biofilms on the surface. The aim of this work is to study the adhesion of non motile bacteria streptococci consortium and motile Pseudomonas fluorescens. Substrates with micro and nanopatterned topography were used. The influence of surface characteristics on bacterial adhesion was investigated using optical and epifluorescence microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Results showed an important influence of the substratum nature. On microrough surfaces, initial bacterial adhesion was less significant than on smooth surfaces. In contrast, nanopatterned samples showed more bacterial attachment than the smooth control. It was also noted a remarkable difference in morphology, orientation and distribution of bacteria between the smooth and the nanostructured substrate. The results show the important effect of substratum nature and topography on bacterial adhesion which depended on the relation between roughness characteristics dimensions and bacterial size.

Palabras clave
Bacterias
biofouling
extracellular polymeric material
microtopography
nanotopography
biomaterials
bacterial adhesion
biofouling
extracellular polymeric material
micro/nanotopography
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Esta obra se publica con la licencia Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (BY 4.0)

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