Biodiversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America: A Review

cic.institucionOrigenInstituto de Botánica Carlos Spegazzinies
cic.lugarDesarrolloUniversidad Nacional de San Luises
cic.lugarDesarrolloUniversidad Nacional de Córdobaes
dc.titleBiodiversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in South America: A Reviewen
dc.typeParte de libroes
dcterms.abstractIdentification of species is crucial in understanding how diversity changes affect ecosystemic processes. Particularly, soil microbial are key factors of ecosystemic functioning .Among soil microbes, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF, phylum Glomeromycota) are worldwide distributed and form symbiotic associations with almost 80% of the vascular plants of the earth, except for one species, <i>Geosiphon pyriformis</i>, which associates with the cyanobacteria <i>Nostoc</i>. AMF comprise around 300 morphologically defined or 350–1000 molecularly defined taxa. Since AMF associate with aboveground community, their occurrence and composition can influence ecosystemic processes either through affecting plant community composition and thus its processes rates, or soil microbial communities, which are directly involved in nutrient cycling. Soil microorganisms are considered a potentially suitable target for studying regional and local effects on diversity. The symbiosis with AMF not only increases nutrient uptake by the plant of mainly phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) in exchange for plant-assimilated carbon (C), but also improves the tolerance of plants to various biotic and abiotic stresses such as pathogens, salinity, and drought.en
dcterms.creator.authorCofré, María Noeliaes
dcterms.creator.authorSoteras, Florenciaes
dcterms.creator.authorIglesias, María del Rosarioes
dcterms.creator.authorVelázquez, Silvanaes
dcterms.creator.authorVelázquez, Silvanaes
dcterms.creator.authorAbarca, Camilaes
dcterms.creator.authorRisio, Lucíaes
dcterms.creator.authorOntivero, Emanueles
dcterms.creator.authorCabello, Marta Noemíes
dcterms.creator.authorDomínguez, Laura
dcterms.creator.authorLugo, Mónica
dcterms.creator.editorPagano, Marcela
dcterms.creator.editorLugo, Mónica
dcterms.extentp. 49-72es
dcterms.isPartOf.itemMycorrhizal Fungi in South Americaes
dcterms.licenseAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (BY-NC-SA 4.0)es
dcterms.subjectSoil microorganismsen
dcterms.subjectNutrient uptakeen
dcterms.subject.materiaCiencias de las Plantas, Botánicaes
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