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The role of local communities in the management of World Heritage properties

Some cases in Latin America
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Resumen

In 2007 the World Heritage Committee added a fifth strategic objective for the implementation of the World Heritage Convention: communities. This implied the recognition of local communities, which can include indigenous people or traditional inhabitants, as a fundamental stakeholder in the processes of protection and conservation of World Heritage properties. In some cases, local communities have traditionally played a fundamental role in the preservation of the tangible and intangible attributes that convey heritage values; in other cases, conversely, they have had weak participation in those processes. The purpose of this paper is presenting some specific examples of World Heritage properties in Latin America which illustrate on the role of local communities in the management systems and on the impact of tourism on traditional ways of life: the cities of Colonia (Uruguay), Cartagena (Colombia) and the territory of Quebrada de Humahuaca (Argentina).

Palabras clave
World Heritage
management
local communities
Latin America
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